Ancient History 101 : Greece 09 - Decline and downfall.

Decline and downfall

Greece chapter 9 (338 BCE, 146 BCE)

The bullet-point version:

Constant bickering and conflict among city-states did not build community.

Ongoing wars with each other led to constantly shifting alliances.

The poorer classes began to rebel against the wealthy aristocracy.

Colonies around Greece had absorbed Greek ideas, but weren’t necessarily loyal.

The city-states were composed of radically-different different cultures and governments (e.g. Sparta and Athens). You’ve heard the phrase culture clash? Think of this as one of the ultimate clash of the titan-type culture clashes, particularly between Athens and Sparta.

They became so good at relaxing and enjoying the good life that as societies, they became complacent and were not sufficiently-prepared to battle back external enemies.

Finally, the increasing power of the surrounding countries led to Rome’s dominance and eventual subjugation.

So sad, too bad, thanks for all the great ideas. Next up: Rome.

timeline of Ancient Greece

1500-1150 BC
Bronze Age (Mycenaeans and Minoans)

Dark Ages (no trade or writing)

Classical Age (a.k.a. Golden Age; birth of democracy)

490 / 480
Persian Invasions

End of Peloponnesian Wars; Sparta defeats Athens

Alexander conquers most of Greece

Hellenistic Age

Greece falls to Rome

146 BC - AD 330
Roman Greece


Introduction to Ancient History, from the Paleolithic Era to the fall of Rome, and how the lives, cultures, decisions, and actions of these periods affects our modern lives.

Education for most ages and for all curious people.
Written by Joseph Ivan Long with curiosity, humbleness, and a big grin.